China's Last Imperial Frontier: Late Qing Expansion in - download pdf or read online

By Xiuyu Wang

China's final Imperial Frontier explores imperial China's frontier growth within the Tibetan borderlands over the past many years of the Qing. The empire fastened a sequence of army assaults opposed to indigenous chieftaincies and Buddhist monasteries within the east Tibetan area trying to change local professionals with nation bureaucrats by way of redrawing the politically different frontier right into a procedure of Chinese-style counties. traditionally, in any respect the strategic frontier destinations, the kingdom were for the main half outstripped by way of neighborhood associations in political, army, and ideological strengths. With perceived threats from the Anglo-Russian “Great online game” accentuating Qing vulnerability in Tibet, the Sichuan govt took good thing about the frontier situation through encroaching upon neighborhood and Lhasa domain names in Kham. even if the Kham crusade was once portrayed in Qing professional discourse as part of the national reforms of “New rules” (xinzheng) and administrative regularization (gaitu guiliu), its growth at the flooring used to be inspired through the dynamics of interregional kin, together with Sichuan’s festival with significant Tibet, energy struggles between Qing frontier officers, and sundry Khampa responses to the hot regime. The growing to be regionalism intensified the resistance of neighborhood forces to imperial authority. regardless of the asymmetric result of the overdue Qing crusade, it had come to function an enormous resource of sovereignty claims and coverage inspirations for the next governments.

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